Savior on the Blood
Excursions with Savior on the Blood
The Church of Resurrection more often called the Savior-on-the-Blood is one of the most picturesque and unusual architecture monuments of Saint Petersburg. Construction of this temple is connected with one of the tragic events of the Russian history. On March, 1 in 1881 terrorists of «Narodnaya wolya» (Nation's will) attempted to kill Emperor Alexander II. Mortally wounded Emperor died and soon it was decided to eternalize Alexander's memory by erecting the church at the very place of the assassination. The contest for the project was won by architect A. Parland and archimandrite Ignaty (Malyshev). The construction of the memorial church began in 1883.
According to the architects' plan the Savior-on-the-Blood embodied the best tradition or the Russian church architecture of the XVI-XVII-th centuries. The multicolored cupolas, picturesque d?cor, the whole silhouette of the temple remind famous St. Basil Cathedral built at Red Square in Moscow. Walls and interior of the Savior-on-the-Blood are decorated with Italian marble, jasper, rock crystal, topaz. Cupolas of the temple are covered with gild and colorful enamel. 20 granite desks placed at the socle of the Savior-on-the-Blood are dedicated to the main events of Alexander II's reign.
The important place in the temple's d?cor is given to mosaics created under the drawings of known Russian painters, among them Vasnetsov and Nesterov. The Savior-on-the-Blood is decorated with mosaics both inside and outside. The whole area of the temple's mosaics reaches 7050 square meters.
The temple's space includes the same spot where wounded Emperor fell bleeding. Visitors can see remains of ironclad grating, pavement and even cobblestones stained with Alexander's blood.
The Savior-on-the-Blood was solemnly opened in 1907 and at once became an integral part of architectural and historical treasury of Saint Petersburg.
The Bolsheviks seizing power in 1917 regarded the Savior-on-the-Blood in another way. Soon the temple was closed and its unique d?cor damaged or simply sacked. In the 30-s of the XX-th century and later more than once intention arose to knock down the Savior-on-the-Blood. Only wonder — what else? — saved the unique temple. In 1970 the restoration of the Savior-on-the-Blood began and lasted in several steps till 1997.
Nowadays the Savior-on-the-Blood is open for visitors and excursions.